Saturday, 16 July 2011

Mongolia

My Finnish postcard pal Johanna certainly doesn't pick the most common destinations for her holidays. Last year she went to Greenland; this summer she visited Mongolia. ...and she was kind enough to send me a postcard from there. It arrived not long ago and made me super excited!



Johanna told me that this kind of view is very typical in Mongolia - yurts, cattle and lots of green. :) She even stayed in a yurt for a few nights, which must have been quite an experience.

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.

The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Gökturks and others. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. After the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols returned to their earlier pattern of constant internal conflict and occasional raids on the Chinese borderlands. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Mongolia came under the influence of Tibetan Buddhism. At the end of the 17th century, most of Mongolia had been incorporated into the area ruled by the Qing Dynasty. During the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, but had to struggle until 1921 to firmly establish de facto independence from the Republic of China, and until 1945 to gain international recognition.

As a consequence, it came under strong Russian and Soviet influence; in 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was declared, and Mongolian politics began to follow the same patterns as the Soviet politics of the time. After the breakdown of communist regimes in Eastern Europe in late 1989, Mongolia saw its own Democratic Revolution in early 1990, which led to a multi-party system, a new constitution in 1992, and transition to a market economy.

At 1,564,116 square kilometres, Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most sparsely populated independent country in the world, with a population of around 2.75 million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by steppes, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Approximately 30% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic. The predominant religion in Mongolia is Tibetan Buddhism, and the majority of the state's citizens are of the Mongol ethnicity, though Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west. About 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day.



The stamp is from a set of 4 animal stamps issued in 2004.

6 comments:

SLLiew said...

Nice Mongolia postcard. I also like written stamped postcard sent from country of origin.

http://smspostcard.blogspot.com/

Anu said...

Hi SL! I think we've swapped before :) You have a very nice blog, I've been following it for quite a while now.

Gem from Calgary said...

That is a great Mongolia postcard , but even more so it came with a most wonderful stamp.

Anu said...

Gem, I do really like the fact that the card was actually mailed from Mongolia.

melandria said...

wow, truly a delight. i wish to receive too.

melandria said...

wow, truly a delight. i wish to receive too.